2015-08-25. Först ut som gästbloggare är Alin Ionita. Alin är jurist och arbetar med social företagande för Team Roma, Rumänien, och är legal adviser inom Foundation for Social Economy Development:
A definition of Social Economy Sector
The social economy is still a land unknown to the public. Although the first principles of the social economy were introduced in the first half of the 18th century , by the french economist Charles Dunoyer in his work called ” Treatise on social economy ” ( 1830 ) , this branch of the economy was kept in obscurity without being prospected . I can even say that although this concept is accepted in many EU countries , as confirmed by CIRIEC report (2007 ) of the EU social economy sector is found at the beginning, still far from reaching its potential .
Social economy structures idea was born of the need to protect certain disadvantaged of society and some on the verge of social exclusion. Thus it found that it is much better equipped to correct imbalances prominent social and economic conditions in society even support public policies of the state and easing social protection systems because the purpose of this branch is that of making a profit as it happens Traditional economic entities, but the aim is to work to improve living conditions, offering new opportunities and implement a sustainable development of communities.
If you want to know the technical definition of economic entities falling within this registry, the same EU report gives us the following insight –CIRIEC (page 22 ): ”The set of private, formally-organised enterprises, with autonomy of decision and freedom of membership, created to meet their members’ needs through the market by producing goods and providing services, insurance and finance, where decision-making and any distribution of profits or surpluses among the members are not directly linked to the capital or fees contributed by each member, each of whom has one vote, or at all events take place through democratic and participative decision-making processes. The social economy also includes private, formallyorganised organisations with autonomy of decision and freedom of membership that produce non-market services for households and whose surpluses, if any, cannot be appropriated by the economic agents that create, control or finance the.”
Thus this definition comes as a clarification of the general concept that I encounter in my work. Many people in Sweden believe that the social economy resumes to establish a second hand shop, but social economy companies bear dressed as cooperatives, mutual societies, associations, foundations, etc. So I can say that this is a childish conception of a branch so complex that acts in resolving imbalances in sectors of interest such as the social sector, education, training and employment, etc.